Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder categorized by a persistent pattern of inattention, and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity which affects daily functioning and continuing growth.
Signs and Symptoms
Inattention mean a that person often fails to give close attention to details, or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, at work, or during other activities. A person may also be easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
Sustaining attention in tasks or play is difficult. For example, a person may struggle staying focused during academic lectures, conversations, or sustained reading.
Does not seem to listen even when spoken to directly. Their mind may seem elsewhere, even if there is nothing else going on.
Organizing tasks and activities is often difficult, as is keeping materials and belongings in order, having messy or disorganized work, poor time management, and failing to meet deadlines.
Often avoids or dislikes activities which require sustained mental effort, such as homework for children and completing forms or reports for adults.
Frequently loses important items, such as school items, wallets, keys, cell phone, and glasses, and is habitually forgetful in daily activities.
Often appears restless; they may fidget with or tap their hands or feet, or may squirm in their seat
Staying seated is often difficult, and frequently leaving their seat in situations when remaining seated is expected is common. Similarly, children often run around or climb in situations where those activities are inappropriate. Adults often feel restless.
Quietly playing or engaging in leisure activities is very difficult.
A person is often described as “on the go,” or as being driven by a motor. They may be uncomfortable staying still for an extended period of time.
Often interrupts or intrudes on others, and frequently has difficulty waiting their turn.
A diagnosis of ADD/ADHD requires a comprehensive evaluation by a licensed professional, such as a clinical neuropsychologist, pediatrician, or psychiatrist with experience in ADD/ADHD. In order to be diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity must be enduring, significantly affect lifestyle, and cause the person to fall behind their peers in development. Neuropsychological testing and evaluation then determines that symptoms are not due to any other cause, such as a medical or psychiatric condition.
Symptoms can manifest as early as 3 – 6 years of age, and may persist throughout adolescence and adulthood. Sometimes, symptoms of ADD/ADHD are mistaken for emotional or behavior problems and may be completely overlooked in well mannered children. Undiagnosed adults with ADD/ADHD may have a history of poor academic work, difficulties in employment, or problems in their relationships.
Why seek treatment at INPS?
At INPS, we firmly believe in an integrated approach to mental healthcare. Our clinical staff uses objective neuropsychological assessment, personality and symptom rating scales, and neurophysiological data within the context of current clinical and neuroscientific knowledge to offer accurate diagnoses. Perhaps most importantly, our unique model provides a meaningful way to understand how the brain self-regulates.
Neurofeedback, one of the cornerstone services at INPS, is a research-based and effective treatment for ADD/ADHD. Neurofeedback encourages the natural self-regulation of the brain by facilitating the production of specific brainwaves and inhibiting others. In so doing, this creates new communication patterns within the brain and improves brain functioning.